Ring worms are a contagious skin-itching disease that occurs in small centric patches and that are caused by a number of fungi that affect the scalp and the feet mainly causing a superficial rush. Ringworm mostly affects the arms, legs, and scalp but it is quite possible for it to manifest anywhere on the body. Despite what the name suggests, ring worms have nothing to do with worms.
These fungal infections, in which ring worms belongs are known medically as ‘tinea’. They are not of a serious nature but they are highly contagious and easily spread. Other types of tinea fungal infections, depending on the body part affected are inclusive of:
- Fungal nail infection, that affects the nails
- Athlete’s foot, that affects the feet
- Jock itch, affecting the groin
- Tinea capitis, that affects the scalp
Ringworm typically appear as round, red-silver patches on the skin that are in most cases scaly, and inflamed. For treatment, it is important that most ringworm infections treatable through the use of over the counter antifungal cream while scalp infections are easily treatable with the use of antifungal tablets combined with specifically antifungal shampoo. In cases where the skin has become irritated and broken, other bacterial infections may ensue and may require further antibiotic treatment.
It is very important to prevent the spread of the infection. You ought to avoid the sharing towels, clothes, and beddings with a person who is infected. Where it is your child that is affected, ensure that they maintain a good hygiene during the treatment period to prevent further spread of the infection.
However, note that ring worms do not only affect human beings. They also affect animals and may even affect that you beloved pet. If you discover that you pet been infected it is important to see a vetinary doctor immediately and the chances of you getting infected too will reduce. The basic symptoms of ringworm infection in animals include lesions that appear on the pet’s head, paws and limbs. These lesions seem to cause patchy bald spots that may look sore and red in the middle. In some cases of ringworms in pets, the only symptoms may be a few broken hairs, while extreme cases will involve the spread of bald patches all over the animal’s body. In addition to this, it is possible for a pet to carry the fungus and show no symptoms, therefore, risking the risk of infection to the unsuspecting owners.
In most cases, pets that are less than one year old are more prone to ring worm infections. However, malnourished, immune deficient compromised, unhygienic, and stressed pets are the greatest risk in comparison to healthier animals. And since transmission of ring worm infections occurs through contact animal hairs, beddings, dishes among other objects that the infected pet may come into contact with may increase the chance of spreading the ring worms to other pets and the people as well. For this reason, one you identify an infected pet it is important to keep them in some level of isolation until the ring worms have been treated.